THE THOROUGHBRED RACEHORSE


Site updated January 01, 2023

 


HIGHFLYER
(1774 by KING HEROD oo Rachel)

 

This site is dedicated to the breeding of the Thoroughbred racehorse. The information contained herein is correct to the best of my knowledge and any conjecture is clearly labelled as such.

"Guessing is how reason proceeds in the absence of facts"

Please write to me at [email protected] if you have any questions, comments or corrections.

 

 

All dates quoted on this site are Julian until 02nd September 1752 and Gregorian from 14th September 1752.

All years quoted on this site are historical and no double dating has been used except in the notes.

The age of a horse was calculated from 01st May each year until 31st December 1833 at Newmarket and until 18th April 1858 elsewhere in Great Britain and Ireland.

The age of a horse has been calculated from 01st January each year since 01st January 1834 at Newmarket and since 19th April 1858 elsewhere in Great Britain and Ireland.

 

 

RACING IN GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND

 

ROYAL PLATES

ROYAL PLATES
A history of the King's and Queen's Plates in Great Britain and Ireland, from 1634 to 1765
.

ROYAL PLATE WINNERS
The winners of the King's and Queen's Plates in Great Britain and Ireland, from 1671 to 1765, traced back in the male line.

BRITISH ROYAL PLATES
The winners of the King's and Queen's Plates in Great Britain, from 1671 to 1765, listed chronologically.

IRISH ROYAL PLATES
The winners of the King's and Queen's Plates in Ireland, from 1698 to 1765, listed chronologically.

 

CLASSIC RACES

ENGLISH CLASSIC WINNERS
The winners of the 1000 Guineas, 2000 Guineas, Derby, Oaks and St Leger, from 1776 to 2022, traced back in the male line.

IRISH CLASSIC WINNERS
The winners of the Irish 1000 Guineas, Irish 2000 Guineas, Irish Derby, Irish Oaks and Irish St Leger, from 1866 to 2022, traced back in the male line.

 

OVER THE JUMPS

HURDLERS AND STEEPLECHASERS
The winners of the principal National Hunt races in England from 1836 to 2022, traced back in the male line.

 

SIRES

CHAMPION SIRES
The champion sires in Great Britain from 1721 to 1849, and in Great Britain and Ireland from 1850 to 2022, traced back in the male line
.
The champion sires in Ireland from 1751 to 1849, traced back in the male line.
The champion maternal grandsires in Great Britain and Ireland from 1899 to 2022, traced back in the male line.

NORTHERN DANCER, SADLER'S WELLS AND GALILEO
Their English Classic winning descendants for three generations to 2022, and how their records compare with those of the other most influential Classic sires.

 


 

THOROUGHBRED BREEDING

 

EARLY ANCESTORS

CONFUSED PEDIGREES AND MISTAKEN IDENTITIES
Various articles concerning the identification and breeding of some of the earliest ancestors of the Thoroughbred racehorse.

Bonny Black

Bright's Roan

Charming Molly

Fox

Foxhunter

Hackwood

Ringtail Galloway

Son of Bay Bolton

Spanker mare

Spitfire

Vauxhall

Young Coquette

Young Greyhound

DARCY'S YELLOW TURK, DARCY'S WHITE TURK AND HELMSLEY TURK
An investigation into their true identities.

GARDINER MARE, HUTTON'S SPOT AND ALCOCK'S ARABIAN
An investigation into their true identities.

LAYTON GREY BARB, ROCKWOOD, TAFFOLET BARB AND TREGONWELL'S BARB MARE
An investigation into their true identities.

MERLIN, SMILING TOM, HIGHLANDER AND WOODCOCK
An investigation into their true identities.

BLACK-A-TOP, OLD MONTAGUE MARE, PULLEINE'S CHESNUT ARABIAN AND WHITESHIRT MARE
An investigation into their true identities.

SNAKE, CONEYSKINS, LISTER'S TURK AND BYERLEY'S TURK
An investigation into their true identities and an investigation into the descent of Hutton's breed.

ECLIPSE
An investigation into his pedigree.

THE HALF-CROWN CART-HORSE
The true foundation sire of the Thoroughbred. An investigation into the influence of cart-horse blood on the Thoroughbred.
The descent of General Angerstein's breed from Emmeline and Marengo.

SELIMA, BY GODOLPHIN ARABIAN
An investigation into her true identity.

ST SIMON
An investigation into the origin of his sire line.

BEND OR
An investigation into his true identity.

THE CHESNUT ARABIAN AT HAMPTON COURT
An investigation into his true identity.

VERDICT
An investigation into her pedigree.

 

INBREEDING

INBREEDING
A selection of pedigrees, both historical and conjectural, showing some incestuous matings of the Thoroughbred racehorse.

COEFFICIENT OF INBREEDING
An investigation into Wright's Equation and Hardiman's Method.

REGISTER OF INBREEDING COEFFICIENTS
An alphabetical listing of the ancestors of Stockwell (1849), together with their standard and cumulative inbreeding coefficients.

AVERAGE COEFFICIENT OF INBREEDING
An attempt to compute an average SIC and an average CIC for the Thoroughbred.

 

COLOUR

THE THIN GREY LINE
The descent of the grey gene in the Thoroughbred racehorse.

 


 

OWNERS AND BREEDERS OF THE SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES
The creators of the Thoroughbred racehorse.

THE ANCESTORS OF JAMES RONALD HARDIMAN
Compiler of this website. From 1969 to 1975 employed in the Pedigree Department of the British Bloodstock Agency in London and Newmarket.

THE DESCENDANTS OF THOMAS HARDYMAN (1781 - 1859) AND HARRIETT PLEDGE (1778 - 1860)
The compiler of this website, James Ronald Hardiman, appears in red in the sixth generation of this descent chart.
DNA confirmed cousins of James Ronald Hardiman appear in green.

APPENDIX
The Original Articles for the Plate run at Newmarket in October. Instituted by King Charles the Second in 1665 and first run in 1666.

Newmarket Town Plate.

The Articles relating to Royal Plates in the reign of George II.

The naming of horses and the recording of their pedigrees in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

How old was the Godolphin Arabian when he died?

The calendar in Great Britain and Ireland.

The kings and queens in Great Britain and Ireland since the restoration of the monarchy.

HORSE RACING IN GERMANY IN 1945
Racing at Leipzig, Halle and Dresden.

HEIRS OF THE NORFOLK TROTTER AND THE YORKSHIRE COACH HORSE
An investigation into the ancestry of the Hackney, the Standardbred, the French Trotter, the Orlov Trotter, the Cleveland Bay, the Welsh Pony and other related breeds.

PHYSICS REVISITED
The Theory of Continuous Creation within an Infinite Universe.
[This is NOT the Steady State Theory, which was also known as the Continuous Creation Theory]

Earthquakes and volcanoes.

Big Bang Theory.

Mars.

Gravity.

Tides.

Parker Solar Probe.

Accretion and Differentiation.

Electron.

Speed of light.

Rotation of the Earth.

Orbit of the Earth.

The Pioneer Anomaly.

Rotation and orbit of the Moon.

Man on the Moon.

Suns and Black Holes.

 


 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I would like to thank the following for their kind assistance in the compilation of this work : Anthony Byles, Tim Cox, Ralph Graulich, Christine Matthes, Miodrag Milovanovic, William Morgan, A G Morris, Richard Nash, E J Ross and Sandra K Snider.

My special thanks to A J Hibbard, for allowing me access to her original research into old British and Irish newspapers, and Tom Viebke, for his invaluable help with the early breeding of trotting horses.

 

Site created April 16, 2000

Copyright 2000-2023 James R Hardiman